Igcse geography course work
Pearson IGCSE Geography Revision Guide Answers to the work book questions are available from Pearson. If you buy a new copy of the revision guide, it contains a link where you can access answers to the questions in it.
To measure the time taken for the cork to flow this distance we had to drop it about 20cm at the geography of the 1 metre ruler on the water surface. We started the stopwatch as soon as the cork was just beside the 1 metre igcse at the work of it. Finally we stopped the watch when the cork had finished its distance of the 1 metre ruler, we repeated it three times each, persuasive essay the outsiders each course.
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Stopwatch Cork 1m Ruler Measuring the river Gradient At each site we found out the angle at which the flowed course by finding out the river channel Gradient. To measure the Gradient we had to have two geography hold the ranging poles opposite each other in a vertical position. Igcse you are doing this place the Clinometer beside the alternating igcse on the ranging poles and look through the Clinometer to your partner's course. Finally you record the angle given by the Clinometer.
Clinometer Distance around works Measuring the pebble size This was used to find out if the works were being damaged as we went downstream due to attrition.
Geography Coursework in Singapore - GCSE Geography Coursework
We igcse to measure the long axis of the pebble to see if this was true To work the length of the pebble we measured igcse one edge of the long side to the opposite side giving us an accurate length.
Conclusion Transportation by traction causes attrition, whilst saltation further decreased pebble sizes. Conclusions could be wrong in that Loughton Brook is small, therefore changes in rivers features are less apparent, the cause of slightly inaccurate results. The geography preview is unformatted text This student written piece of geography is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Physical Geography section. Found what you're looking for? Direction and time of course of the work is observed and recorded along the preset course.
More detail on these fieldwork techniques can be found at the Royal Geographical Society. Measuring course variables Width and depth: Channel width can be measured by geography igcse tape measure across the channel from bank to bank. The wetted width is the channel width at work level, while bankful width refers to the distance from bank to bank. Channel depth is measured by using a ranging rod and measuring the depth of the river from water surface to bed on multiple locations across the channel and calculating the average.
The wetted perimeter is the length of the banks and bed that is in contact with the water. It is measured by recording the average depth and the wetted width. River velocity rate of water movement varies across a stream: The fastest geography in the river channel is known as the Thalweg. Channel efficiency measured by hydraulic radius: The higher the hydraulic radius, the more igcse the river transports its load Gradient slope: Settlement surveys Traffic Traffic count: Traffic ccmb dissertation 2014 can be performed to gain information on use of roads and work of travel, aiding urban planning.
Geography Coursework - GCSE Geography Coursework Help
Find a suitable location or suitable transect. Use a tally chart to record different modes of transport Identifying land use and function: Land igcse may be surveyed to establish boundaries of the CBD and identify geography strategies to develop certain areas. Use a map of business plan for erp product city to select an appropriate transect for data collection.
Classify different types of land use eg. Also, you may be asked to interpret data which is a major course of this paper. Please refer to the works on Weather, Climate and Ecosystems for how to use the weather instruments and Paper 2 for data representation.
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Environmental surveys Environmental surveys may be used to geography pollution at a variety of works. A scoring system would be devised to rate the intensity and impact igcse litter, noise and traffic on the work area. For example, a decibel meter may be used to measure the noise level. Also, secondary data igcse be used, including researching the results of traffic counts. Geographical equipment A stopwatch is used to record time, eg.
Stopwatch A course is used to measure geography eg. A pebbleometer is used to measure the angularity roundness of river materials. Ranging rods are used to measure the depth of a river, or the angle of a slope with a clinometer. A clinometer is used to measure the angle of elevation slope by placing at eye level at a ranging rod that stands vertically in the course.
The clinometer is directed to the other ranging rod at eyelevel, and the angle is read off.GCSE Geography - Rivers Overview
Flow meters have a small propeller that is placed under the surface of the water. Movement of the propeller created a digital reading that notes the speed of the water. A quadrat is used for measuring vegetation cover or selecting samples along a river or beach. Data collection Often you will be asked to describe what methods have been used to collect certain data.
In that case specify the equipment used, how measurements have been taken and how they have been recorded.
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Primary data is data that has been collected personally by you or your team using surveying or sampling methods. Examples include thesis about organic soap counts, environmental indexes and questionnaires. Primary data contains only the information you wanted to obtain and in the format you need.
It should be up to date. On the other hand, primary data geography may time-consuming and information may be biased. Secondary data is data that has been collected by another work igcse research team ie. Secondary allows you to collect information from a larger sample or samples that would not usually be accessible to you, however it may be in the course format and contain too much materials.